Subject: definition of c_loc
Ref: 98-239 (and various predecessors) promised a "loc" function.
When interoperating with a C facility, it is often necessary to pass the "address" of an entity (data or procedure). A "loc" function has long been part of many Fortran processors to provide this functionality. In keeping with the style of the ISO_C_BINDING module, a C_LOC function is defined.
Description Provide the "C address".
Argument x shall be either a variable that has the TARGET attribute and interoperates with some C type or a procedure that has the BIND(C) attribute. It shall not be an array pointer, an assumed-shape array, or an array section.
J3 Discussion note: does not include : common block, namelist group, pdt variable, enum decls, named constants
Result characteristics a scalar of type C_PTR
Result Value The value that the target C processor returns as the result of the unary "&" operator, as defined in C9x, 18.104.22.168.
Example USE ISO_C_BINDING
real, TARGET,dimension (10) :: a
Type(c_ptr) :: c
c = c_loc(a)
call foo(c) ! foo is a c routine
C_LOC is a function, defined in the intrinsic module ISO_C, which returns the value that the target C processor returns as the result of the unary "&" operator, as defined in C9x 22.214.171.124.
Change 16.1 "The ISO_C_TYPES" to "The ISO_C_BINDING" this change should propagate as needed. Subgroup found only references at 377: 28 and 377:33.
Add C_LOC to the list of provided functions, at the end of 16.1 (after 377:32). Also add "The inquiry function C_LOC() (16.2.3) is also provided.
Add a new section 16.2.3, entitled "C_LOC The C address operator".
Add the following introductory text:
C interfaces are primarily defined in terms of "addresses". C_LOC is provided so that Fortran applications can determine the appropriate value to use in calling C facilities.
Add the syntax description above into the document at "this" point.