12-106r2
To: J3
From: Malcolm Cohen
Subject: Interpretation concerning constant expressions and pointers
Date: 2012 February 14
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NUMBER: F08/0066
TITLE: Are certain expressions with pointer initialization constant?
KEYWORDS: constant, pointer initialization
DEFECT TYPE: Erratum
STATUS: Under J3 consideration
QUESTION:
Given
type :: T
character(len=:), pointer :: P
end type T
character(len=10), target, save :: V
(1) Is the expression T(V) a constant expression?
If so, consider the additional statement
TYPE(T),PARAMETER :: Z = T(V)
(2) Is the expression
TRANSFER(SQRT(TRANSFER(Z,R)),Z)
a constant expression?
(3) Is the expression Z%P a constant expression?
(4) Is the assignment
Z%P = 'NEW VALUE'
a valid assignment?
ANSWER:
(1) Yes.
(2) An expression involving TRANSFER of an initialization target was
not intended to be classified as a constant expression. An edit
is provided to correct this.
(3) Except in pointer association context, no (see 6.4.2p5).
(4) Yes. In this context, Z%P is not a subobject of Z.
EDITS to 10-007r1:
[152:4] 7.1.12 "Constant expression", p1, item (6),
After "THIS_IMAGE" insert ", TRANSFER".
{Exclude the general case of TRANSFER from constant expressions.}
[152:7+] After item (7) "... NULL ...", insert new item
"(7a) A reference to the intrinsic function TRANSFER where each
argument is a constant expression and the SOURCE argument does
not have an ultimate pointer component whose value was given
by an initialization target."
{Exclude the problematic case without introducing an incompatibility
with Fortran 95.}
SUBMITTED BY: Van Snyder
HISTORY: 12-106 m197 F08/0066 submitted
12-106r1 m197 Revised answer
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